The government of Canada legalized cannabis on Oct 17, 2018. Does this mean that it’s safe to use cannabis during pregnancy?
Some people have reported that using cannabis during pregnancy helps to manage morning sickness. However, due to the potential risks to the pregnancy, unborn baby and mother, safer approaches should be discussed with a health care provider.
Cannabis is a plant which contains tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). The chemical THC makes people feel high when smoked, eaten or vaped and CBD provides medicinal effects such as decreasing pain and anxiety. It may contain over 400 chemicals.
Using cannabis during pregnancy may increase the risk of:
- Baby not getting enough supply of oxygen and nutrients
- Low birth weight
- A small for gestational age baby
- Premature birth
Other possible effects of cannabis include difficulty getting pregnant and children possibly having difficulties with learning, behaviour and mental health later in life.
While research on the effects of cannabis use is still emerging, current evidence shows there is no known safe amount of cannabis use during pregnancy. Pregnancy is a critical and vulnerable time for the development of your unborn baby. It’s safest to avoid cannabis in any form to protect your baby from potential risks.
Individuals who plan to get pregnant or are pregnant are encouraged to seek advice from their health care provider on the potential risks associated with cannabis use during pregnancy and the effects on baby’s development.
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