In my prenatal programs, I commonly hear “I already had a C-section and hope this time I can have a vaginal birth”. Depending on your previous birth experience(s) and your own health history, you do have a high chance of giving birth vaginally.
Having a vaginal birth after a caesarean (VBAC) may be a safe option to gain the benefits of having a normal vaginal birth. If you’ve had a caesarean section (C-section) before, your health care provider will discuss your options for your current pregnancy.
Being aware of your choices; the benefits, risks and alternative methods that can be used in labour and birth are vital to making an informed decision.
What can help improve your chances for a VBAC?
- Having a reproductive life plan.
Planning ahead allows you to space your pregnancies to the recommended 18 months to 24 months between pregnancies. This spacing can decrease the risk of a tear in your uterus after a previous C-section.
- Choosing a health care provider who will support your wish for a vaginal birth.
When considering a vaginal birth, your health care provider will check for increased risks including:
- Health history: if you had a previous C-section due to a medical condition; problems during labour; or a classic or inverted “T” scar
- Age: risk is higher if you are older than 35
- Spacing: if you had caesarean section less than 18 months ago
- If your body mass index is over 25
- If you had any medical intervention used to start and/or speed up your labour
One option is to use a midwife. Midwives are health care professionals that can help deliver a low risk pregnancy with the least amount of intervention in a safe way.
- Being open
Even if you want to try for a vaginal birth, there are many different reasons that you may have another C-section. Because of this, home births may not be recommended if you have had a previous C-section.
- Staying informed
Ask questions if you are not sure of something. Studies show that for every 100 VBACs planned, only 25 percent will end up with a C-section. Talking to your health care provider can help you know the risks, understand your options, improve your chances of having a positive birth experience and decide whether having a vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) is right for you.