A child may find it hard to cope with new situations, routines, or experiences because they do not know what to expect. When this happens, it is common for children to have breakdowns and tantrums.
So, how can we prevent these behaviours from happening? How can we help our child understand our expectations?
By using pictures!!
Pictures can be used to help a child understand language, communicate, and help regulate emotions and behaviours. As a Speech-Language Pathologist, I use pictures in all of my sessions, and I encourage families to use pictures at home.
When we use pictures to support language, they can:
- Help a child learn new words- the child can see the picture and help understand the word
- Organize the day and help establish routines – this helps a child understand and process information
- Help predict upcoming activities/ routines
- Help with changes between activities and to redirect a child
- Help children understand change and new expectations, which can reduce stress, frustrations and anxiety
- Increase your child’s flexibility
- Help promote and support independence
It’s important to use pictures that are clear and that your child will understand. You can use pictures from the internet, photos that you have taken, or pictures that you have cut out of flyers/pamphlets. Add a single word (or a couple of words) to label the picture.
To help with changes to routines, I recommend using:
Break down specific activities- whether you are breaking down the schedule for the week, the day, or the steps within a specific activity. Use visuals to highlight what activities are happening, and the order of the events.
Provide a sequence of 2 events.
Help prepare your child for new experiences; to learn positive behaviour; and to teach a new skill or learn a new routine.
Once you’ve created your visual, show it to your child. Point to each picture and say the label on the picture to teach your child that the picture shows the activity or event that you are going to do.
Remember, we all use visuals to help organize and structure our lives. When words and images are combined together, the message becomes more memorable and is easier to understand.